The State of The Feminist Movement Discussion
Instructions for the assignment
- Think: There are clear positions debated on each of these topics. Compare and contrast the two sides of the issue. Think about what they say that is different, and also what they have in common.
- Write: Write a short paragraph contrasting the two sides of the issue. Which arguments/positions are different? Then, write a paragraph where you carefully consider the ideas, values, and goals the two sides have in common. Explain where these two sides are similar.
Here is the article! This is the only source you can use!!
There must be no palalgrism or grammatical errors
Feminism is defined as the belief in social, political and economic equality between the sexes. In practice and in history, feminist social movements and academic theories have defined the relationship between the sexes in general and the liberation of women in particular.
Feminist movements have attempted to influence politics and social policies through research, education, activism and legislation. The modern feminist movement addresses issues such as women’s rights in the workplace, reproductive rights (including abortion and birth control), sexual harassment and discrimination, and gender stereotypes.
In the United States, there are differing opinions regarding the state of the feminist movement. Some critics believe that modern feminists have become increasingly radical, and that societal changes have reduced the need for an active feminist movement. Feminists and their supporters argue that there are still significant inequalities between the sexes; however, it is also acknowledged that feminist ideals have become more commonly accepted in American culture.
In other cultures, women are not permitted to take part in the political process and receive little protection under the law. Some believe that the greatest challenge for feminists is to address institutionalized sexism, discrimination, misogyny and stereotypes regarding gender roles in other parts of the world.
Discrimination: Behavior either for or against a person or thing based on the group, class, or category to which that person or thing belongs.
Feminism: Belief in the political, social and economic equality of the sexes.
Misogyny: Hatred or distrust of women.
New Social Movement: A social movement that arose from the conflicts in the post-industrial revolution society and economy.
Sexism: Behavior based on traditional stereotypes regarding sexual roles, or discrimination based on a person’s gender.
Social Movement: A deliberate voluntary effort to organize individuals to act in concert to achieve group influence to make or block changes.
Suffrage: The right to vote in political elections and on social issues.
Throughout history, women have joined together in male-dominated societies to gain political and social influence. One of the earliest documented women’s movements originated in the Roman Republic (500-20 BCE). In medieval Europe and Asia, women were considered subordinate to men; however, because those governments were based on royalty, women were able to ascend to leadership by becoming an empress or queen. In addition, because of rigid social structures, women from elite families were dominant over men of lower social classes.
Colonial Americans rejected the idea of royalty and therefore abolished the possibility of women attaining leadership through familial ascendancy. Women in the American colonies were considered subordinate to men and were expected to concentrate on childrearing and domestic duties.
During the 1700s, women’s movements originated in France and England. In 1792, Mary Wollstonecraft wrote A Vindication of the Rights of Woman, one of the first examples of feminist literature. Though early women’s movements inspired future generations of feminists, significant political changes did not occur until the nineteenth century.
During the drafting of the United States Constitution, feminists like Abigail Adams lobbied to have women’s rights included in the document. The movement ultimately failed, but the unifying purpose helped the growth of feminism.
In 1848, a convention of women was held at Seneca Falls, New York, headed by Elizabeth Stanton and Susan B. Anthony. The meeting resulted in a Declaration of Women’s Rights, a document that called for equal rights between the sexes, including voting privileges, legal protection, and equal employment and wages.
During the early twentieth century, the feminist movement began to focus on women’s suffrage. Several territories and states, including Wyoming and New Jersey, granted voting rights to women before a constitutional amendment was in place. The amendment for women’s suffrage was proposed in every session of Congress beginning in 1878, before the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment in 1919.